Dachshund Pros And Cons

If you’re considering adding a furry friend to your home, look no further than the adorable Dachshund! This lovable breed has a charming personality that is sure to win you over. In this article, we’ll explore the pros and cons of owning a Dachshund, giving you a better understanding of what to expect when welcoming one of these delightful dogs into your life. From their playful nature to their unique appearance, there’s a lot to love about Dachshunds. However, it’s important to be aware of the challenges that come with their stubbornness and potential health issues. Stick around as we uncover all the information you need to make an informed decision about adopting a Dachshund.

Dachshund Pros And Cons

Breed Description

The Dachshund, also known as the “wiener dog” or “sausage dog,” is a small breed that originated in Germany. They were originally bred for hunting purposes, specifically for tracking and hunting badgers. Dachshunds have a unique elongated body with short legs, which sets them apart from other breeds. There are different varieties of Dachshunds, including the smooth-coated, long-coated, and wirehaired.

Pros of Owning a Dachshund

Affectionate and Loyal

Dachshunds are known for their affectionate and loyal nature. They form strong bonds with their owners and are often described as being “shadow dogs” because they like to be close to their humans. They enjoy cuddling and being a part of the family, making them the perfect companion.

Great with Families

Dachshunds are generally great with families, including children. They are playful and enjoy spending time with their human family members. However, it is important to supervise interactions between Dachshunds and young children due to their small size, which makes them more vulnerable to accidental injury.

Good Apartment Dogs

Due to their small size, Dachshunds can adapt well to apartment living. They do not require a large yard or space to roam around. However, it is important to provide them with regular exercise to ensure their physical and mental well-being.

Low Maintenance Grooming

In terms of grooming, Dachshunds are relatively low maintenance. The smooth-coated variety requires minimal grooming, while the long-coated and wirehaired varieties may require occasional brushing to prevent matting. Their short legs also mean they are less prone to collecting dirt and debris on walks.

Good Watchdogs

Dachshunds have a strong protective instinct and make excellent watchdogs. They have a keen sense of hearing and will alert you to any potential dangers or intruders. Their loud bark can act as a deterrent, making them an effective alarm system for your home.

Exercise Requirements

While Dachshunds are small dogs, they still require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks and playtime are essential to prevent them from becoming bored or overweight. However, it is important to avoid excessive exercise due to their elongated bodies, which puts them at a higher risk of back injuries.

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Adaptable to Different Environments

Dachshunds are highly adaptable to different environments. They can thrive in urban city apartments or in rural settings. As long as they receive the necessary exercise, attention, and care, they will be content wherever they are.

Cons of Owning a Dachshund

Potential Health Issues

One of the main downsides of owning a Dachshund is their potential health issues. Due to their long bodies and short legs, they are more prone to back problems, specifically Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD). This condition can cause pain, paralysis, and even require surgical intervention. It is important to handle Dachshunds properly and avoid activities that put stress on their backs to minimize the risk of such health issues.

Stubbornness and Independence

Dachshunds are known for their stubbornness and independent nature. This can make training a bit more challenging compared to other breeds. Patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement are key when it comes to training a Dachshund.

Prone to Separation Anxiety

Dachshunds are prone to separation anxiety, which means they can become distressed when left alone for extended periods. They thrive on human companionship and can become anxious or exhibit destructive behaviors when separated from their owners. It is important to gradually acclimate them to alone time and provide mental stimulation to help alleviate separation anxiety.

Not Great for Young Kids

While Dachshunds can be great with children, they may not be the best choice for families with very young kids. Their small size makes them more susceptible to accidental injury, and they may not have the patience for rough play or handling. Supervision and teaching children how to properly interact with the dog are essential.

Can be Difficult to Train

As mentioned earlier, Dachshunds can be stubborn and independent, making training a bit more challenging. Consistency, positive reinforcement, and patience are crucial when it comes to training a Dachshund. They respond well to reward-based training methods and may become disinterested or stubborn if they feel forced or overwhelmed.

Higher Risk of Back Injuries

Dachshunds have a higher risk of back injuries due to their long bodies and short legs. Activities that involve jumping or excessive strain on their backs, such as going up and down stairs, should be minimized to reduce the risk of back problems. Proper handling techniques, using ramps or steps instead of stairs, and supporting their bodies can help prevent back injuries.

Potential for Excessive Barking

Dachshunds are known for their vocal nature, which can lead to excessive barking if not properly managed. They have a strong protective instinct and may bark at every little noise or perceived threat. Early training and socialization can help minimize excessive barking tendencies.

Training and Socialization

Obedience Training

training a Dachshund requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. They respond well to reward-based training methods, such as treats and praise. Using force or harsh methods can lead to resistance and stubbornness. Enrolling in obedience classes or working with a professional trainer can be beneficial, especially for first-time dog owners.


Housetraining a Dachshund can take some time and effort. Consistency, a regular schedule, and positive reinforcement are essential in the housetraining process. Crate training can also be useful in preventing accidents and establishing a routine.


Proper socialization is crucial for Dachshunds to develop good manners and positive interactions with other dogs and people. Early and ongoing socialization can help prevent aggression or shyness. Exposing them to different environments, people, dogs, and situations will help them become confident and well-adjusted companions.

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Dachshund Pros And Cons

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Exercise Needs

While Dachshunds are small dogs, they still require regular exercise to keep them physically fit and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive toys are essential for meeting their exercise needs. However, it is important to avoid excessive exercise to prevent strain on their backs. Striking a balance between activity and rest is crucial for their overall well-being.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, Dachshunds also require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and keep their minds sharp. Providing puzzle toys, interactive games, training sessions, and engaging them in new experiences can help satisfy their mental stimulation needs.

Health Concerns

Back Problems (IVDD)

As mentioned earlier, Dachshunds are prone to back problems, specifically Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD). Proper handling techniques, avoiding high-impact activities, and maintaining a healthy weight are crucial in preventing back injuries. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor their spinal health and catch any potential issues early.


Dachshunds have a tendency to gain weight easily, which can put additional stress on their backs and lead to other health problems. Following a balanced diet, providing appropriate portion sizes, and avoiding excessive treats are essential in maintaining a healthy weight for your Dachshund.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia, a condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, can also affect Dachshunds, although it is more common in larger breeds. Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding excessive exercise, and regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor and manage this condition.

Dental Issues

Dachshunds are prone to dental issues such as gum disease and tooth decay. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth, providing appropriate chew toys, and regular dental check-ups, can help maintain their oral health.

Eye Problems

Some Dachshunds are prone to eye problems, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and cataracts. Regular eye examinations and monitoring for any signs of vision loss or abnormalities can help detect and manage these issues.


Dachshunds can develop allergies to certain foods, environmental allergens, or flea bites. Monitoring their diet, keeping them free from potential allergens, and providing preventive measures against fleas can help manage allergies in Dachshunds.

Intervertebral Disk Disease

Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD) is a common health issue in Dachshunds. It can result in pain, paralysis, and require surgical intervention. Proper handling techniques, avoiding activities that strain their backs, and regular veterinary care can help prevent and manage this condition.

General Care and Grooming

Coat Types

Dachshunds come in three different coat types: smooth-coated, long-coated, and wirehaired. The smooth-coated variety has a short and shiny coat that requires minimal grooming. The long-coated variety has a silky, longer coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting. The wirehaired variety has a coarse, rough coat that also requires regular brushing and occasional hand-stripping.

Grooming Needs

Although Dachshunds have varying coat types, their grooming needs are generally low when compared to other breeds. Regular brushing, nail trims, and occasional baths are sufficient to keep them looking their best. However, the long-coated and wirehaired varieties may require more attention to prevent matting.

Nail Care

Regular nail care is important for Dachshunds to prevent overgrowth and potential discomfort. Trimming their nails every few weeks or as needed, using proper nail clippers, and avoiding cutting into the quick of the nail can help maintain their paw health.

Ear Cleaning

Dachshunds are prone to ear infections due to their droopy ears and the buildup of wax and moisture. Regular ear cleaning, using a vet-recommended ear cleanser, can help prevent infections and maintain ear health. It is important to be gentle and avoid inserting any objects deep into the ear canal to prevent injury.

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Dental Care

Dental care is essential for Dachshunds to prevent dental diseases and maintain overall health. Regular tooth brushing with a dog-friendly toothbrush and toothpaste, providing appropriate dental chews, and scheduling regular dental check-ups are crucial in maintaining their dental hygiene.

Feeding Guidelines

Dachshunds have small stomachs and can be prone to weight gain, so it is important to follow appropriate feeding guidelines. Choosing a high-quality dog food that suits their age, size, and activity level, and feeding them in appropriate portion sizes can help prevent obesity and maintain their overall health.

Living Arrangements

Suitability for Apartments

Dachshunds are generally suitable for apartment living due to their small size and adaptability. However, it is important to provide them with regular exercise and mental stimulation, as lack of physical activity can lead to behavioral issues. Ensuring they have access to outdoor areas for bathroom breaks and playtime is essential in apartment living.

Yard Requirements

While Dachshunds don’t necessarily require a large yard, having a secure and fenced outdoor area can provide them with an opportunity to explore and exercise safely. They should never be left unsupervised in a yard, as their hunting instincts can lead them to dig or attempt to escape.

Temperature Sensitivity

Dachshunds are sensitive to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold, due to their smaller size and thin coat. During hot weather, it is important to provide them with shade, fresh water, and avoid exertive exercise during peak temperatures. During cold weather, they should be kept warm with appropriate clothing or access to indoor heating.

Compatibility with Children and Other Pets

Interactions with Children

Dachshunds can be great companions for older, respectful children. However, their small size and vulnerability to accidental injuries make it important to supervise interactions between Dachshunds and young children. Teaching children to handle the dog gently and practicing proper socialization can help foster a positive relationship.

Compatibility with Other Dogs

Dachshunds can generally get along well with other dogs if properly socialized from a young age. Early and ongoing socialization can help prevent aggression or fearfulness around other dogs. It is important to introduce them to different dogs in controlled settings and monitor their interactions.

Relationship with Cats and Small Pets

Dachshunds can have a prey drive and may not always get along well with small animals such as cats or small pets like rabbits or rodents. Proper introductions, supervision, and training can help ensure a harmonious relationship between Dachshunds and other animals in the household.

Finding the Right Dachshund

Reputable Breeders

When looking for a Dachshund, it is important to find a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Researching breeders, asking for recommendations, and visiting the breeder’s facility can help ensure that you are getting a healthy and well-socialized puppy. A reputable breeder will provide you with health clearances for the parents, offer support and guidance, and be transparent about the breed’s potential health issues.

Adoption and Rescue Centers

Adopting a Dachshund from a rescue center or shelter is another option for finding a new family member. Many Dachshunds are in need of loving homes, and adopting can be a rewarding experience. Rescue centers and shelters often provide information about the dog’s temperament and behavior, making it easier to find a Dachshund that fits your lifestyle.

Considerations for Different Varieties

When choosing a Dachshund, it is important to consider the different coat varieties and their grooming needs. Smooth-coated Dachshunds require minimal grooming, while long-coated and wirehaired varieties require more attention. Considering your preference for grooming maintenance can help guide your decision when selecting a Dachshund. Additionally, it is important to consider the potential health issues associated with the breed and understand the care and support they may require.

In conclusion, owning a Dachshund can be a rewarding experience, but it is important to be aware of both the pros and cons associated with this breed. Their affectionate and loyal nature, adaptability to different environments, and suitability for apartment living make them wonderful companions. However, potential health issues, stubbornness in training, and the need for proper exercise and mental stimulation should be carefully taken into consideration. With love, patience, and proper care, Dachshunds can bring joy and companionship to your life for many years to come.