How Many Dachshund Breeds Are There

Are you curious about the different types of Dachshund breeds out there? Well, you’re in luck! This article will provide you with all the necessary information you need to know about the various Dachshund breeds. Whether you’re a dog enthusiast or simply interested in learning about different dog breeds, this article will satisfy your curiosity. So, sit back, relax, and let’s embark on this delightful exploration into the world of Dachshunds!


Welcome to the world of Dachshunds! These adorable little dogs are known for their long bodies and short legs, which make them stand out in any crowd. In this comprehensive article, we will explore the fascinating history of the Dachshund breed, delve into the unique characteristics of each Dachshund breed, discuss various coat types, colors, and patterns, and even look at some rare Dachshund varieties. So, whether you’re a long-time Dachshund enthusiast or just curious about these delightful dogs, let’s dive in and learn all about Dachshunds!

History of Dachshund

Origin of Dachshund

The Dachshund, also affectionately known as the “wiener dog” or the “sausage dog,” originated in Germany hundreds of years ago. These dogs were initially bred to hunt badgers, which is where their name “Dachshund” comes from. In German, “Dachs” means badger, and “Hund” means dog.

Development of Dachshund Breeds

Over time, different variations of the Dachshund breed emerged. Breeders began selectively breeding Dachshunds with different traits to excel in specific hunting terrains and prey. This resulted in three main Dachshund breeds we know today: the Standard Dachshund, Miniature Dachshund, and Toy Dachshund. Each breed has its own distinct physical characteristics, temperament, and health concerns.

Standard Dachshund Breed

Physical Characteristics

Standard Dachshunds are the largest among the Dachshund breeds. They typically weigh between 16 to 32 pounds and stand around 8 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder. Their elongated bodies, short legs, and deep chests make them unique and instantly recognizable. Standard Dachshunds have a long muzzle and expressive eyes that convey their friendly and intelligent nature.

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Temperament and Personality

Standard Dachshunds are known for their lively and outgoing personalities. They are bold, confident, and love being the center of attention. These dogs have a strong instinct to dig and explore, which can make them independent and occasionally stubborn. They are also known to be loyal and protective of their family, often forming strong bonds with their owners.

Health Concerns

Like any other dog breed, Standard Dachshunds are prone to certain health concerns. Their long backs and short legs put them at a higher risk of developing spinal problems such as intervertebral disc disease. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight are essential to minimize these risks. It’s crucial to work closely with a reputable breeder and a veterinarian to ensure the overall well-being of your Standard Dachshund.

Miniature Dachshund Breed

Physical Characteristics

Miniature Dachshunds are the smaller version of the Standard Dachshund breed. They typically weigh between 11 to 16 pounds and stand around 5 to 6 inches at the shoulder. Despite their diminutive size, Miniature Dachshunds possess the same distinctive long body and short legs as their larger counterparts. They have a cute, alert expression and an inquisitive nature.

Temperament and Personality

Miniature Dachshunds share many personality traits with the Standard Dachshunds. They are energetic, intelligent, and delightfully playful. These dogs thrive on human companionship and love being a part of the family. Miniature Dachshunds are known for their affectionate nature and make excellent lap dogs. However, they do have a tendency to be stubborn, so early and consistent training is essential.

Health Concerns

Miniature Dachshunds, similar to Standard Dachshunds, can be prone to spinal problems due to their unique body structure. It is crucial to provide them with regular exercise that is appropriate for their size and weight to maintain their overall health. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and a well-balanced diet are key in ensuring a long and happy life for your Miniature Dachshund.

Toy Dachshund Breed

Physical Characteristics

Toy Dachshunds are the smallest of the Dachshund breeds. They typically weigh less than 11 pounds and stand around 4 to 5 inches tall at the shoulder. Their petite size further accentuates their elongated bodies and tiny legs. Toy Dachshunds have a sweet and gentle expression that melts hearts wherever they go.

Temperament and Personality

Toy Dachshunds possess many of the same traits as their larger Dachshund relatives, but with a bit more elegance and grace. They are affectionate, social, and love to be pampered. Toy Dachshunds are excellent lap dogs and companions, providing endless affection and companionship to their owners. They may have a more sensitive nature, so gentle training methods and a calm environment are ideal.

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Health Concerns

Due to their reduced size, Toy Dachshunds can be more prone to certain health concerns. Their delicate bones and joints are more susceptible to injury, so extra care should be taken during play and exercise. Additionally, close monitoring of their weight and a balanced diet are crucial to prevent obesity. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to address any potential health issues and ensure the well-being of your Toy Dachshund.

Different Coat Types of Dachshunds

Long-haired Dachshunds

Long-haired Dachshunds, as the name suggests, have a luxurious and flowing coat. Their fur is soft and shiny, often with feathering on the ears and tail. This coat type requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. Long-haired Dachshunds have a glamorous appearance and are often sought after by those who appreciate their elegant coat.

Wire-haired Dachshunds

Wire-haired Dachshunds have a dense and harsh double coat. Their outer coat is wiry and weather-resistant, while their undercoat provides insulation. Wire-haired Dachshunds have a distinctive beard and eyebrows that give them a charmingly rugged look. Regular grooming to maintain their striking appearance and occasional hand-stripping to remove dead hair are recommended for this coat type.

Smooth-haired Dachshunds

Smooth-haired Dachshunds have short and sleek coats that lie close to their bodies. Their coat is dense and shiny, providing them with an attractive and low-maintenance appearance. While the smooth-haired coat does not require extensive grooming, regular brushing can help keep their coat healthy and shiny. Smooth-haired Dachshunds are often favored for their classic and streamlined look.

Colors and Patterns of Dachshunds

Red Dachshunds

Red Dachshunds have a vibrant and rich reddish-brown coat. This solid-colored coat is deep and lustrous, giving them a striking appearance. Red Dachshunds may have various shades of red, ranging from a lighter golden-red to a darker mahogany-red. These dogs often turn heads wherever they go due to their eye-catching coat color.

Black and Tan Dachshunds

Black and Tan Dachshunds have a bold and distinctive coat pattern. Their bodies are primarily black, with tan markings on their face, chest, and legs. This striking color combination gives them a sophisticated and classic appearance. Black and Tan Dachshunds are highly popular and are often associated with the traditional image of a Dachshund.

Cream Dachshunds

Cream Dachshunds have a pale and creamy-colored coat. This solid-colored coat is soft and elegant, adding a touch of delicacy to their overall appearance. Cream Dachshunds may have different shades of cream, ranging from a light vanilla to a slightly darker apricot hue. Their gentle and refined coat color is highly sought after by Dachshund enthusiasts.

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Dapple Dachshunds

Dapple Dachshunds have a unique and eye-catching coat pattern. The dappling effect creates spots or patches of lighter or darker colors on their base coat, giving them a stunning and distinctive appearance. Dapple Dachshunds can have a wide variety of colors and patterns, making each one truly unique. Their playful and whimsical coat pattern sets them apart from other Dachshunds.

Unique Varieties of Dachshunds

Piebald Dachshunds

Piebald Dachshunds have a charming and distinct coat pattern characterized by large and irregular white patches on a solid-colored base coat. This results in a striking contrast between the white and the base color. Piebald Dachshunds often have a freckled appearance and are highly sought after for their unique coat pattern.

Double Dapple Dachshunds

Double Dapple Dachshunds have a coat pattern that occurs when two dapple genes combine. This results in even more extensive dappling, often with larger and more irregular spots of various colors on a base coat. Double Dapple Dachshunds have an enchanting and mesmerizing coat pattern that makes them stand out from the crowd.

Blue Dachshunds

Blue Dachshunds have a captivating and rare coat color. Their coat appears a bluish-gray or slate color, which is often described as having a dilute black appearance. Blue Dachshunds have a unique and alluring appearance that is sure to turn heads wherever they go.

Rare Dachshund Breeds

Long-haired English Cream Dachshunds

Long-haired English Cream Dachshunds are a rare and sought-after breed variation. Their luscious and flowing cream-colored coat is their defining feature. With their gentle and affectionate demeanor, they make wonderful companions and are treasured by Dachshund enthusiasts.

Wild Boar Dachshunds

Wild Boar Dachshunds have a distinctive coat color pattern that resembles the appearance of a wild boar. Their base coat is grizzled, with a mix of black, brown, and tan hairs. This gives them a rustic and rugged look. Wild Boar Dachshunds are unique and highly admired for their natural and untamed appearance.

Isabella Dachshunds

Isabella Dachshunds, also known as “Fawn” or “Lilac” Dachshunds, have a beautiful and rare coat color. Their coat appears in a dilute chocolate brown shade that has a hint of lavender or grayish tones. Isabella Dachshunds have an elegant and sophisticated appearance that captures the hearts of those who appreciate their unique coat color.


Dachshunds are truly remarkable dogs with a rich history and a wide range of breeds, coat types, colors, and patterns. Whether you prefer the courage and athleticism of the Standard Dachshund, the charm and playfulness of the Miniature Dachshund, or the elegance and grace of the Toy Dachshund, there is a Dachshund breed to suit every preference. From the long-haired, wire-haired, and smooth-haired coat types to the various colors and patterns like red, black and tan, cream, dapple, piebald, double dapple, and even the rare varieties like the Long-haired English Cream, Wild Boar, and Isabella Dachshunds, each Dachshund is a unique and cherished companion. Whether you’re a Dachshund lover or just discovering these captivating dogs for the first time, the world of Dachshunds offers endless joy, companionship, and an unrivaled devotion that will make them a beloved part of your family.