How Long Does A Dachshund Live

If you’re thinking about adding a Dachshund to your family, you may be wondering how long these adorable little dogs tend to live. A Dachshund’s lifespan is influenced by various factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and overall health. In this article, we will explore the average lifespan of a Dachshund and discuss the factors that can impact their longevity. Whether you’re a potential Dachshund owner or simply curious about this popular breed, join us as we uncover the secrets to the Dachshund’s lifespan.

Introduction to Dachshunds

Dachshunds, affectionately known as “wiener dogs,” are a unique and beloved dog breed. With their long bodies, short legs, and expressive faces, they capture the hearts of dog lovers everywhere. But how long does a dachshund live? In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the history, physical characteristics, and temperament of dachshunds. We will also explore the various factors that can affect their lifespan and provide tips on how to promote longevity and ensure a healthy and happy life for your dachshund. So, let’s embark on this journey to discover more about these lovable and loyal companions.

History of Dachshunds

The history of dachshunds can be traced back to Germany, where they were originally bred in the 15th century. The word “dachshund” is German and translates to “badger dog,” which reflects their original purpose – to hunt badgers. With their long, muscular bodies and short legs, dachshunds were ideally suited for digging into animal burrows and flushing out small game. They were highly valued for their tenacity, courage, and excellent scenting abilities. Over time, dachshunds became popular not only as working dogs but also as beloved family pets due to their unique appearance and delightful personalities.

Physical Characteristics of Dachshunds

Dachshunds are instantly recognizable due to their distinctive physical characteristics. They have a long body, short legs, and an elongated, well-muscled structure. Their heads are elongated, with moderately long and sturdy necks. Dachshunds have a prominent breastbone and chest, which gives them a strong and balanced appearance. Their ears are large and droopy, framing their charming and expressive eyes. The breed comes in three coat types – smooth, longhaired, and wirehaired. These coats can come in a variety of colors and patterns, including solid, dappled, and brindle. Dachshunds are a small to medium-sized breed, typically weighing between 16 and 32 pounds.

Temperament of Dachshunds

Dachshunds possess a unique temperament that sets them apart from other breeds. They are known for their bold, curious, and sometimes stubborn nature. Dachshunds are fiercely independent dogs with a strong hunting instinct and a desire to explore their surroundings. They are also intelligent and have a keen sense of smell, which can make them excellent at tracking and scent work. Despite their independent nature, dachshunds are also loving, affectionate, and loyal companions. They form strong bonds with their families and often have a strong protective instinct. It is important to properly socialize and train dachshunds from an early age to ensure they grow into well-behaved and well-adjusted adults.

Factors Affecting Dachshund Lifespan

While dachshunds can live long and healthy lives, several factors can influence their lifespan. Understanding these factors can help you make informed decisions and provide the best care for your dachshund to maximize their longevity and well-being.

Breed Genetics

Genetics play a significant role in a dachshund’s lifespan. Responsible breeders strive to select and breed dogs with good genetic health, as this can greatly impact the overall health and longevity of the breed. By avoiding breeding dogs with hereditary health issues and focusing on preserving the breed’s soundness, reputable breeders contribute to the overall well-being of dachshunds.

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Size and Weight

Size and weight can also influence a dachshund’s lifespan. Generally, the smaller the dog, the longer they tend to live. Dachshunds come in different sizes, such as standard, miniature, and toy. While the miniatures and toys might be more susceptible to certain health issues, the overall size of the breed contributes to their lifespan.

Health and Wellness

A dachshund’s health and wellness are crucial factors in determining their lifespan. Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive healthcare measures are essential to identify and address any potential health concerns early on. Dachshunds should receive routine dental care, as dental problems can lead to other health issues. Maintaining a healthy weight through proper nutrition and exercise is also vital to prevent obesity-related health problems.

Exercise and Activity Level

Dachshunds have moderate exercise needs and thrive with daily activity. Regular exercise not only keeps them physically fit but also mentally stimulated. Providing opportunities for walks, playtime, and mental enrichment can help prevent obesity and promote overall well-being. It is important to note that excessive jumping or strenuous activities should be avoided, as dachshunds are prone to back problems.

Diet and Nutrition

Proper diet and nutrition are fundamental to a dachshund’s health and longevity. Feeding a high-quality, balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional needs is essential. Dachshunds can be prone to weight gain, so portion control and feeding schedules should be carefully managed. Avoiding table scraps and providing appropriate treats can help prevent obesity and related health issues. It is always recommended to consult with a veterinarian to determine the best diet plan for your dachshund.

Quality of Veterinary Care

The quality of veterinary care your dachshund receives can significantly impact their lifespan. Regular check-ups, vaccinations, preventive medications, and prompt treatment for any health issues are essential. Building a relationship with a trusted and experienced veterinarian who understands the specific needs of dachshunds can ensure the best possible care for your furry friend.

Average Lifespan of Dachshunds

The average lifespan of dachshunds generally ranges from 12 to 16 years. However, it is important to note that individual dogs may live longer or shorter lives depending on various factors.

Variations in Lifespan

While 12 to 16 years is the average lifespan, some dachshunds have been known to live well into their late teens or even early twenties. On the other hand, external factors, genetics, and health issues can contribute to shorter lifespans in some cases. It is crucial to provide proper care and attention to ensure your dachshund lives the longest and healthiest life possible.

Studies and Surveys on Dachshund Lifespan

Several studies and surveys have been conducted to gather information about dachshund lifespans. For example, a study published in the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine analyzed the lifespans of over 4,900 dachshunds. The study found that the median lifespan of dachshunds was 12.7 years, with females living slightly longer than males. This study highlighted the importance of preventive veterinary care and responsible breeding practices in promoting longevity.

Factors that Influence Individual Lifespan

The individual lifespan of a dachshund can be influenced by a variety of factors. Some common factors include genetics, overall health, diet, exercise, and the quality of veterinary care. Responsible breeding practices, screening for hereditary health issues, and providing a healthy and nurturing environment are crucial in ensuring the longest possible lifespan for individual dachshunds.

Longevity Tips for Dachshunds

While genetics play a role in a dachshund’s lifespan, there are several steps you can take to promote their longevity and overall well-being. By following these longevity tips, you can ensure your dachshund lives a healthy and happy life.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for maintaining your dachshund’s health. Schedule routine visits with a trusted veterinarian who can monitor your dog’s overall well-being, provide necessary vaccinations, and conduct preventive screenings. Early detection and treatment of potential health issues can greatly impact your dachshund’s lifespan.

Proper Diet and Nutrition

Feeding your dachshund a balanced and nutritious diet is vital for their health and longevity. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet plan that meets your dachshund’s specific nutritional needs. Ensure proper portion control, avoid overfeeding or excessive treats, and provide access to clean, fresh water at all times.

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Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Dachshunds require regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. Engage in daily walks, playtime sessions, and mentally stimulating activities to keep your dachshund active and engaged. Remember to tailor the exercise routine to your dachshund’s age, weight, and overall health, avoiding activities that put excessive strain on their backs.

Weight and Obesity Management

Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for your dachshund’s well-being. Obesity can lead to a multitude of health issues, including joint problems, diabetes, and heart disease. Monitoring their food intake, providing appropriate exercise, and avoiding excessive treats can help prevent obesity and promote a longer lifespan.

Preventive Healthcare Measures

Preventive healthcare measures, such as vaccinations, regular parasite prevention, and dental care, are essential for promoting your dachshund’s longevity. Stay up-to-date with vaccinations and parasite prevention treatments recommended by your veterinarian. Establish a dental care routine to prevent dental disease, which can negatively impact your dachshund’s overall health.

Early Detection of Health Issues

Keep a close eye on your dachshund’s overall health and behavior. Familiarize yourself with common health issues in the breed and take note of any changes in appetite, energy levels, or behavior. If you notice any concerning symptoms, promptly consult with your veterinarian. Early detection and treatment of health issues can significantly impact your dachshund’s quality of life and lifespan.

Common Health Issues in Dachshunds

While dachshunds can live long and healthy lives, they are prone to certain health issues. Understanding these common health issues can help you be proactive in providing the best care for your dachshund.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

IVDD is a common health issue in dachshunds, primarily due to their long bodies and short legs. It occurs when the discs between the vertebrae become herniated or degenerate, causing pain, weakness, and even paralysis. Prompt diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures, such as proper exercise and weight management, are important for minimizing the impact of IVDD.

Obesity and Back Problems

Dachshunds are prone to weight gain and obesity, which can put significant strain on their backs. Extra weight exacerbates their susceptibility to spinal issues and may increase the risk of IVDD. Maintaining a healthy weight through portion control, regular exercise, and a well-balanced diet is crucial for preventing back problems in dachshunds.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

PRA is an inherited eye disorder that affects dachshunds, leading to progressive vision loss and eventual blindness. Regular eye examinations and genetic testing are recommended, especially for breeding dogs, to identify carriers and prevent the passing on of the disease. Early intervention and management strategies can improve the quality of life for affected dachshunds.

Frequent Ear Infections

Dachshunds, particularly those with floppy ears, are prone to ear infections. Their long, droopy ears create a warm and moist environment that can promote the growth of bacteria and yeast. Regular ear cleaning, proper grooming, and timely treatment of infections are crucial for maintaining the ear health of your dachshund.

Allergies and Skin Problems

Some dachshunds may develop allergies and skin problems, including dermatitis and rashes. These can be caused by environmental allergens, food allergies, or flea infestations. Identifying and addressing the underlying cause of allergies through allergen avoidance, proper diet, regular grooming, and flea prevention can help alleviate these issues and promote a healthier skin and coat.

Urinary Tract Issues

Dachshunds, particularly females, are susceptible to urinary tract issues such as urinary tract infections, bladder stones, and incontinence. Providing ample fresh water, regular bathroom breaks, and proper hygiene can help minimize the risk of these problems. Prompt veterinary care is necessary if you notice any signs of discomfort or abnormal urinary behavior.

Dental Problems

Dachshunds are prone to dental problems, including periodontal disease, tooth decay, and dental infections. Regular dental care, such as brushing their teeth or providing dental treats approved by your veterinarian, can help prevent these issues. Professional dental cleanings performed by a veterinarian may also be necessary to maintain good oral health.

Heart Disease

Some dachshunds may be prone to heart disease, such as mitral valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy. Regular heart health check-ups and screenings, along with early intervention and treatment, can help manage these conditions. Maintaining a healthy weight, providing proper nutrition, and avoiding excessive stress are important in promoting a healthy heart in dachshunds.

Importance of Responsible Breeding

Responsible breeding practices play a crucial role in promoting the overall health and longevity of dachshunds. It is essential to choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes the well-being of the breed and follows ethical breeding guidelines.

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Health Testing and Screening

Responsible breeders conduct health testing and screenings to identify and prevent the passing on of hereditary health issues. This includes genetic testing for diseases common in dachshunds, such as PRA and IVDD. By selecting breeding pairs with good genetic health and ensuring proper screening, breeders contribute to the long-term health and well-being of the breed.

Selection for Longevity

Responsible breeders focus on selecting breeding dogs with longevity in mind. They understand the importance of breeding dogs with good overall health, longevity in their bloodlines, and minimal risk of hereditary health issues. By prioritizing longevity, breeders aim to promote a healthier and longer life span for future generations of dachshunds.

Avoiding Inbreeding

Responsible breeders avoid inbreeding, which reduces genetic diversity and increases the risk of hereditary health issues. By carefully selecting unrelated breeding pairs and implementing sound breeding practices, breeders can help reduce the prevalence of genetic disorders and promote overall breed health.

Ethical Considerations in Breeding Practices

Responsible breeders prioritize the ethical considerations in their breeding practices. They ensure the well-being of their breeding dogs, provide proper veterinary care, and create a nurturing environment for puppies. This includes appropriate socialization, early neurological stimulation, and a safe and clean living environment.

Factors Contributing to Shortened Lifespan

While dachshunds have the potential for a long and healthy life, certain external factors can contribute to a shortened lifespan. Being aware of these factors can help you make informed choices and take preventive measures to ensure your dachshund lives their best possible life.

Neglect and Lack of Care

Neglect, lack of proper care, and inadequate attention to a dachshund’s needs can significantly impact their lifespan. Providing a safe and nurturing environment, regular veterinary care, proper nutrition, exercise, and mental stimulation are essential for promoting their overall health and well-being.

Poor Diet and Nutrition

Feeding a poor-quality diet, overfeeding, or providing an unbalanced diet can lead to numerous health issues and a shortened lifespan. A dachshund’s diet should consist of high-quality, appropriate food that meets their nutritional needs. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet plan for your dachshund and avoid any potential harmful foods.

Lack of Exercise

Dachshunds require regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. A lack of exercise can contribute to obesity, muscle atrophy, and a range of health problems. Engaging in daily physical activity, providing opportunities for mental stimulation, and promoting a healthy lifestyle are vital for your dachshund’s longevity.

Exposure to Environmental Hazards

Exposure to environmental hazards, such as extreme temperatures, toxic substances, or unsafe surroundings, can pose significant risks to dachshunds. Ensuring a safe and well-maintained living environment, avoiding toxic plants or chemicals, and keeping your dachshund away from potential hazards are crucial for their well-being.

Genetic Predisposition to Health Issues

Dachshunds have certain genetic predispositions to health issues such as IVDD, PRA, and heart disease. While responsible breeders work to minimize these risks through proper breeding practices, it is important to be aware of these potential health issues and take preventive measures. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper nutrition, and exercise can help manage these conditions and promote a longer lifespan.

Overbreeding and Puppy Mills

Overbreeding and unethical breeding practices, such as puppy mills, greatly impact the health and lifespan of dachshunds. These operations often prioritize profit over the well-being of the dogs, leading to genetic issues, poor health, and neglect. Supporting responsible breeders and adopting from reputable sources helps combat these practices and ensures the best chance of a long, healthy life for dachshunds.

Coping with the Loss of a Dachshund

Losing a beloved dachshund can be a heartbreaking experience. Grief is a natural response to the loss of a pet, and it is important to provide yourself with support and coping mechanisms during this difficult time.

Understanding Grief

Grief is a complex and individual process. It is normal to experience a range of emotions, such as sadness, anger, guilt, or even relief, following the loss of a dachshund. Being kind to yourself, allowing space for your emotions, and seeking support can help you navigate the grieving process.

Seeking Support and Counseling

Reach out to friends, family, or support groups who understand the bond you shared with your dachshund. Sharing memories, emotions, and stories can provide comfort and help you process your grief. If needed, consider professional counseling or pet loss support groups that specialize in helping individuals cope with the loss of a beloved pet.

Memorializing Your Dachshund

Honoring the memory of your dachshund can provide a sense of closure and comfort. Consider creating a memorial, such as a photo album, scrapbook, or personalized keepsake. You may also choose to plant a tree or flowers in their memory, make a donation to a dachshund rescue organization, or volunteer your time to help other dogs in need.


Dachshunds are remarkable dogs with their unique appearance, lively personalities, and loving nature. While their lifespan can vary depending on various factors, responsible care, nutrition, exercise, and vet check-ups can contribute to a long and healthy life. By understanding the breed’s history, genetics, common health issues, and the importance of responsible breeding, you can provide the best care for your dachshund. Although the loss of a dachshund can bring immense grief, seeking support, acknowledging your emotions, and memorializing their memory can help you navigate through the healing process. Cherish the time spent with your dachshund and strive to provide them with a healthy and happy life – it is a beautiful journey you will never forget.