How Hard Are Dachshunds To Train

Have you ever wondered about the trainability of Dachshunds? Dachshunds, also known as wiener dogs, are a unique and adorable breed, but their stubborn nature has left many potential owners questioning just how difficult they are to train. In this article, we will explore the trainability of Dachshunds, providing you with valuable insights into their aptitude for learning and offering tips to help you navigate the training process. Whether you’re a current Dachshund owner or considering bringing one into your home, this article will provide you with the information you need to understand how hard it is to train these lovable pups.

Dachshunds Intelligence and Trainability

Dachshunds are known for their intelligence and unique appearance. They are loyal and affectionate dogs, making them excellent companions. However, when it comes to training, dachshunds can present some challenges due to their independent and stubborn nature. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of dachshund trainability and provide you with tips and techniques to successfully train your furry friend.

Breed Characteristics

Dachshunds are small to medium-sized dogs with distinctive elongated bodies and short legs. They were originally bred in Germany for hunting purposes, primarily to track and flush out burrow-dwelling animals like badgers. This working background has influenced their temperament and instincts. Dachshunds are known for their courage, intelligence, and determination, making them excellent hunters. However, these characteristics can sometimes pose challenges when it comes to training.

Levels of Trainability

Dachshunds, like any other dog breed, vary in their trainability levels. Some individuals of this breed are quick learners who respond well to training, while others may be more stubborn and independent. Additionally, certain factors can affect a dachshund’s trainability, which we will discuss in the following section.

Factors Affecting Trainability

Several factors can influence a dachshund’s trainability and how receptive they are to training. One important factor is the dachshund’s age. Training should ideally begin when they are puppies, as their minds are more receptive to learning during this stage. Older dachshunds can still be trained, but it may require more time and patience.

Another factor is the dachshund’s individual personality. Some dachshunds have a more eager-to-please nature, making them easier to train. Others may be more independent and require additional motivation and consistency in training methods.

Additionally, the training techniques used and the consistency and patience of the owner can significantly impact a dachshund’s trainability. Positive reinforcement, consistency, and patience are key components of successful dachshund training.

Starting the Training Process

When it comes to training your dachshund, starting early is essential. The timing of training plays a crucial role in their development and can greatly impact their overall behavior as adults. It is recommended to begin training as soon as you bring your dachshund puppy home.

Timing of Training

Dachshund puppies have shorter attention spans, so it’s important to keep training sessions short and engaging. Aim for several five to ten-minute sessions throughout the day, rather than one long session. This approach will help maintain their interest and prevent them from getting overwhelmed.


Socialization is a critical aspect of training for any dog breed, including dachshunds. Exposing your dachshund to different people, animals, and environments at an early age will help them become confident and well-adjusted adults. Take your dachshund for regular walks, introduce them to other dogs, and enroll them in puppy socialization classes.

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How Hard Are Dachshunds To Train

Positive Reinforcement

Dachshunds respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. Reward your dachshund with treats, praise, and affection when they demonstrate desired behaviors. This positive association will motivate them to repeat those behaviors in the future. Avoid harsh punishments or negative reinforcement techniques, as these can damage the trust and bond between you and your dachshund.

Consistency and Patience

Consistency is key when training a dachshund. Use consistent verbal cues and hand signals for commands, and reinforce those commands consistently throughout training sessions. It’s important to be patient with your dachshund’s progress and not expect immediate results. Remember, each dog learns at their own pace, and it may take time for them to fully grasp certain commands.

Common Training Challenges

Dachshunds, despite their intelligence, can present some unique training challenges. Understanding these challenges will help you navigate through the training process more effectively.


Dachshunds have a reputation for their stubborn nature, which can make training more challenging. If your dachshund resists a command or becomes unresponsive, it’s important to avoid getting frustrated or resorting to force. Instead, use positive reinforcement techniques and find ways to make the training more engaging and rewarding.

Independent Nature

Dachshunds often demonstrate their independent nature during training. They may become easily distracted or ignore commands if they believe they have better things to do. To overcome this challenge, try to make the training sessions fun and interesting. Use high-value treats and toys to keep their attention and motivate them to listen to your commands.


Dachshunds are also known for their sensitivity. Harsh or loud training methods can cause them to shut down or become anxious. It’s important to use gentle and positive training techniques to build trust and confidence. Be mindful of your tone of voice and body language during training, as dachshunds are highly observant and responsive to human cues.

Barking Tendencies

Dachshunds have a strong instinct to bark, which can sometimes be excessive. While it can be challenging to completely eliminate barking, consistent training and positive reinforcement can help manage and control their barking behaviors. Teach your dachshund the “quiet” command and reward them when they stop barking on command. Consistency and patience are crucial in addressing this behavior.

Basic Obedience Training

Basic obedience training forms the foundation for a well-behaved dachshund. By teaching them essential commands, you can ensure their safety and the well-being of those around them.


Housebreaking, or potty training, is one of the first skills you should teach your dachshund. Establish a consistent routine for bathroom breaks and reward your dachshund for eliminating in the appropriate spot. Positive reinforcement and consistency are the keys to successful housebreaking.

Sit Command

The “sit” command is a fundamental cue that all dogs should learn. Begin by holding a treat above your dachshund’s nose and slowly move it towards the back of their head. Their natural instinct will be to sit down to keep their eyes on the treat. As soon as their bottom touches the ground, give the cue “sit” and reward them with the treat and praise.

Stay Command

The “stay” command is crucial for keeping your dachshund safe in various situations. Start with your dachshund in a sitting position. With an open palm facing them, say “stay” and take a step back while maintaining eye contact. If they stay in position, reward them with a treat and praise. Gradually increase the distance and duration of the stay command.

Come Command

Teaching your dachshund to come when called is essential for their safety, especially in outdoor situations. Begin in a quiet and controlled environment. Crouch down, open your arms, and use an enthusiastic tone to call your dachshund’s name followed by the cue “come.” When they reach you, reward them with treats and praise. Practice this command in various settings to reinforce their response.

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Leash Training

Leash training is a vital skill to ensure that walks are enjoyable for both you and your dachshund. Start by introducing the leash and collar in a positive and non-threatening manner. Allow your dachshund to explore them before attaching the leash. Begin with short walks, rewarding your dachshund for walking calmly beside you. Gradually increase the length and difficulty of your walks as your dachshund becomes comfortable.

Advanced Training Techniques

Once your dachshund has mastered the basic obedience commands, you can move on to advanced training techniques to further stimulate their minds and physical abilities.

Trick Training

Trick training is a great way to challenge your dachshund mentally and provide them with additional stimulation. Teach them tricks like “roll over,” “play dead,” or “shake hands” using positive reinforcement. Break down each trick into smaller steps and reward your dachshund for achieving each milestone. Keep the training sessions short and fun to maintain their interest.

Agility Training

Dachshunds are agile and athletic dogs, making them well-suited for agility training. Set up an agility course using tunnels, ramps, jumps, and weave poles. Guide your dachshund through the course using treats and praise as rewards. This not only enhances their physical fitness but also strengthens the bond between you and your dachshund.

Crate Training

Crate training is essential for providing your dachshund with a safe and comfortable space, especially when they are home alone or during travel. Introduce the crate gradually, using positive reinforcement to create positive associations. Start with short periods and gradually increase the duration. Make the crate inviting with comfortable bedding and toys, and never use it as a form of punishment.

Off-Leash Training

Training your dachshund to be reliable off-leash requires time, patience, and consistency. Begin training in a securely enclosed area to prevent your dachshund from running away. Use a long training leash initially and slowly increase the distance between you and your dachshund. Practice recall commands in different environments while gradually reducing reliance on the leash.

Dachshunds and Recall Training

recall training, teaching your dachshund to come when called, is of utmost importance to ensure their safety and prevent any potential accidents.

Recall Training Importance

Dachshunds have a strong hunting and exploring instinct, which can sometimes lead them to wander off or chase after small animals. A reliable recall is crucial to bring them back to safety and prevent them from getting lost or injured. Consistent recall training can also help in managing their barking tendencies and redirecting their focus towards you.

Recall Training Exercises

Start recall training in a controlled and low-distraction environment, such as your home or backyard. Use the cue word “come” in a high-pitched and enthusiastic tone. Reward your dachshund with treats, praise, and affection when they come to you. Gradually increase the distance and distractions during training sessions, always ensuring a positive outcome.

Building a Reliable Recall

To build a reliable recall, consistency and positive reinforcement are key. Practice recall exercises regularly in different environments, gradually increasing the difficulty level. Use high-value treats, such as small pieces of chicken or cheese, to reward your dachshund for promptly responding to the recall command. Make the training fun and engaging, ensuring that coming to you becomes a rewarding experience for your dachshund.

Special Considerations for Dachshunds

While training any dog breed requires care and attention, dachshunds have some specific considerations that owners should be aware of.

Back Problems

Due to their elongated bodies and short legs, dachshunds are prone to back problems, including intervertebral disc disease. avoid activities that put undue strain on their backs, such as jumping from heights or running on stairs. Use a harness instead of a collar when walking them to minimize pressure on their necks. Consult with your veterinarian for additional guidance on protecting their spinal health.

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Patience with Crate Training

Dachshunds may initially resist being crate trained, as they have an independent nature. Patience is key during this process. Gradually introduce the crate and make it a positive and inviting space for your dachshund. Avoid forcing them into the crate or using it as a punishment, as this can create negative associations and hinder the training progress.

Avoiding Overfeeding

Dachshunds have a tendency to gain weight, which can lead to numerous health issues, including back problems. Ensure that you provide them with a balanced diet and avoid overfeeding. Use treats sparingly during training sessions, and opt for low-calorie treats or training rewards to prevent excessive weight gain.

Training for Separation Anxiety

Dachshunds are known for their strong attachment to their owners and can develop separation anxiety when left alone for extended periods. Training them to be comfortable with alone time is crucial. Gradually increase the duration of time spent away, starting with short absences and gradually building up. Provide them with engaging toys and puzzles to keep them entertained during your absence.

Tips for Successful Training

To ensure a successful training journey with your dachshund, consider the following tips:

Establishing a Routine

Dachshunds thrive on routine and predictability. Establishing a consistent training routine will help them understand what is expected of them and make their training sessions more effective. Set aside specific times of the day for training, feeding, exercise, and rest.

Using Short Training Sessions

Dachshunds have shorter attention spans, so it’s important to keep training sessions concise and focused. Aim for several short sessions throughout the day rather than one long session. This approach will help maintain your dachshund’s interest and prevent mental or physical fatigue.

Keeping Sessions Engaging

Make training sessions engaging and exciting for your dachshund. Use a variety of treats, toys, and positive reinforcement techniques to keep them motivated. Incorporate interactive play and games during training to make it enjoyable for both you and your dachshund.

Seeking Professional Help

If you find yourself struggling with training challenges or feel overwhelmed, consider seeking professional help from a certified dog trainer or behaviorist. They can provide guidance, tailor training methods to your dachshund’s specific needs, and address any underlying behavior issues effectively.

Positive Training Methods

Positive training methods are highly effective for dachshunds, utilizing rewards and reinforcement to motivate desired behaviors.

Clicker Training

Clicker training is a popular positive training method that involves using a small handheld device that makes a distinct clicking sound. The clicker is used to mark the desired behavior, followed immediately by a reward like treats or praise. This method helps communicate to your dachshund precisely when they have done something correctly, enhancing their learning experience.

Reward-Based Training

Reward-based training relies on positive reinforcement, where desirable behaviors are rewarded with treats, praise, or play. Clear communication, consistency, and timing are crucial to successfully reinforce desired behaviors. By associating rewards with specific cues or commands, you can effectively motivate your dachshund to repeat those behaviors in the future.

Marker Training

Marker training, similar to clicker training, involves using a verbal cue or distinct sound as a marker to indicate when your dachshund has performed the desired behavior correctly. This marker, such as saying “yes” or using a specific word, is followed by an immediate reward. Marker training helps bridge the communication gap between you and your dachshund, allowing for more accurate and precise training.

Training Resources for Dachshund Owners

To further enhance your dachshund’s training journey, there are various resources available to assist you in the process.


Several books are dedicated to dachshund training and behavior, providing comprehensive guidance and insights. Some recommended titles include “The Everything Dachshund Book” by Joan Hustace Walker and “Dachshunds for Dummies” by Eve Adamson and Muriel P. Lee.

Online Tutorials and Courses

Numerous online tutorials and courses are specifically designed for dachshund owners. These resources often include step-by-step training videos, expert tips, and guidance on addressing common behavior challenges. Websites like Udemy, Doggy Dan, and Karen Pryor Clicker Training offer a wide range of online training resources.

Professional Trainers

If you prefer hands-on assistance and personalized training for your dachshund, consider hiring a professional dog trainer who specializes in dachshunds or small breeds. They can provide one-on-one training sessions, address specific behavioral concerns, and guide you through the training process.

Training your dachshund requires time, patience, and dedication. With the right techniques, consistency, and positive reinforcement methods, you can shape your dachshund into a well-behaved and happy companion. Remember to celebrate each milestone achieved during the training journey and enjoy the bond that develops between you and your dachshund as you work together towards a common goal.